Goat Farming Business With NSDC Certification

🐐🌾 A Guide to Thriving in the Goat Farming Business 🌾🐐

Introduction: Welcome to Kisanjeevan Agriculture, where we nurture your dreams of a successful goat farming business. Goat farming is a lucrative venture that promises sustainable income and a fulfilling rural livelihood. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore the ins and outs of goat farming, helping you set up and manage a prosperous goat farm. 🚜💰

Get Goat Farming Course & Certificate – https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.alx.hunarindia

https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.alx.hunarindia

👉 Why Choose Goat Farming? Goat farming is a fantastic choice for a variety of reasons:

  1. High Demand: Goat meat and milk are in high demand worldwide, ensuring a steady market.
  2. Quick Returns: Goats reach maturity faster than cattle, leading to quicker profits.
  3. Low Investment: You don’t need a massive initial investment to start a goat farm.
  4. Low Maintenance: Goats are relatively easy to care for and adapt well to various climates.

👉 Selecting the Right Breed 🐏 Before diving into goat farming, it’s essential to choose the right breed for your specific goals. Popular goat breeds for farming include Boer, Saanen, Nubian, and local breeds. Each has unique characteristics, so pick one that suits your resources and target market.

👉 Farm Setup and Infrastructure 🏡 Building proper infrastructure is crucial for your goat farming business. Key considerations include:

  1. Shelter: Construct well-ventilated and spacious shelters to protect your goats from extreme weather.
  2. Feeding Area: Design a feeding area with proper drainage to keep food clean and goats healthy.
  3. Fencing: Install strong fencing to protect your goats from predators.

👉 Feeding and Nutrition 🌿 A balanced diet is vital for the health and productivity of your goats. Consult with a veterinarian to formulate a nutrition plan that includes fresh forage, grains, and mineral supplements.

👉 Breeding and Reproduction 🐐 Understanding the breeding process is essential for a successful goat farming business. Learn about breeding seasons, artificial insemination, and proper care during pregnancy and kidding.

👉 Healthcare and Disease Management 🏥 Regular health checks, vaccinations, and parasite control are vital for keeping your goats in top shape. Familiarize yourself with common goat diseases and their prevention.

👉 Market and Sales Strategy 🛒 To succeed in the goat farming business, you must have a well-defined marketing strategy. Identify potential buyers, such as local markets, meat shops, or direct consumers. Develop a pricing strategy and network with local businesses.

👉 Financial Management 💰 Maintain detailed records of your expenses, income, and profits. This will help you make informed decisions and secure loans if necessary. Always set aside funds for emergencies.

👉 Sustainability and Growth 🌱 To ensure long-term success, consider sustainable practices such as organic farming, waste management, and rainwater harvesting. Expansion should be gradual and calculated to maintain quality and profitability.

👉 Challenges and Solutions 🧐 Every business faces challenges. In goat farming, issues like disease outbreaks, market fluctuations, and weather conditions can impact your business. Stay informed, adapt to changes, and be resilient.

Conclusion: Goat farming offers an incredible opportunity to thrive in the agriculture sector. Whether you’re a seasoned farmer or a newcomer, with the right knowledge and dedication, you can make your goat farming venture a resounding success. 🌾🚀

Remember, Kisanjeevan Agriculture is here to support you on your journey. Feel free to reach out for expert guidance and join our community of successful goat farmers. Together, we can ensure a prosperous future in the goat farming business! 🐐🏆👨‍🌾👩‍🌾

Happy goat farming! 🌟🐐💚

Start Wheat Milling Flour Business

Introduction: The wheat milling industry plays a vital role in our global food supply chain, as it is responsible for transforming wheat into the versatile and essential product we know as flour. Flour is a staple ingredient in countless recipes, ranging from bread and pasta to cakes and pastries. In this blog, we will dive into the fascinating world of wheat milling, exploring the process, its significance, and the advancements that have shaped the industry.

  1. Understanding Wheat Milling: Wheat milling is a complex process that involves several stages to convert harvested wheat into different types of flour. The primary objective is to extract the endosperm, which is the starchy part of the grain containing the highest protein content. The milling process typically includes cleaning, conditioning, milling, and sifting.
  2. Cleaning and Conditioning: Before the milling process begins, the harvested wheat undergoes rigorous cleaning to remove impurities such as stones, dust, and other foreign particles. Once cleaned, the wheat is conditioned by adding water to achieve optimal moisture levels, making the grains more pliable for milling.
  3. Milling: Milling is the core process in which the wheat grains are ground to separate the various components. The most common method of milling is through a roller mill, where the grains are crushed between a series of rollers to break them into smaller particles. This process results in the separation of the endosperm, bran, and germ.
  4. Sifting and Separation: Following the milling process, the milled grains go through a series of sieves and sifters to separate the different components based on particle size. This ensures the production of flour with the desired characteristics, such as fineness and purity. The various fractions obtained are typically classified as patent flour, clear flour, and bran.
  5. Flour Types: The wheat milling industry produces various types of flour to meet different culinary needs. The most common types include:a. All-Purpose Flour: This is the most versatile type of flour, suitable for a wide range of baking and cooking applications.b. Bread Flour: With a higher protein content, bread flour is ideal for yeast-based bread recipes, as it provides the necessary structure and elasticity.c. Cake Flour: Cake flour has a lower protein content and finer texture, making it perfect for delicate baked goods like cakes and pastries.d. Whole Wheat Flour: Made by grinding the entire wheat grain, whole wheat flour retains the bran and germ, providing more nutrients and fiber.
  6. Industry Significance: The wheat milling industry plays a crucial role in ensuring food security and meeting the global demand for flour-based products. Flour is a staple ingredient consumed by billions of people worldwide, making the industry an integral part of our daily lives. Moreover, the industry creates employment opportunities, supports farmers, and contributes to economic growth.
  7. Technological Advancements: Advancements in technology have revolutionized the wheat milling industry, enabling more efficient production processes and improved product quality. Automation and computerized systems have streamlined operations, enhancing productivity and reducing human error. Modern milling facilities also incorporate state-of-the-art equipment for precise control over the milling process.
  8. Sustainability and Quality: The wheat milling industry has embraced sustainability practices to reduce its environmental impact. These include energy-efficient milling technologies, waste management systems, and efforts to minimize water usage. Additionally, stringent quality control measures ensure that the flour produced meets industry standards and consumer expectations.

Conclusion: The wheat milling industry stands as a pillar of the food supply chain, supplying the world with the essential ingredient of flour. Through a meticulous process, milling transforms wheat into various flour types, catering to diverse culinary needs. With advancements in technology and a focus on sustainability, the industry continue

Hunar India – Digital Marketing

Professional Courses

Mastering Digital Marketing: Strategies for Success in the Digital Age

Introduction: In today’s technologically driven world, digital marketing has become an essential component of any successful business. With the power to reach a global audience, engage potential customers, and drive conversions, digital marketing offers unprecedented opportunities for growth and success. In this comprehensive blog, we will delve into the intricacies of digital marketing, exploring proven strategies and tactics to help you master this dynamic field.

  1. Understanding the Foundations of Digital Marketing:
  • The Evolution of Marketing in the Digital Age
  • Key Concepts: SEO, SEM, PPC, Social Media Marketing, Email Marketing
  • Developing a Solid Digital Marketing Strategy
  1. Crafting an Effective Online Presence:
  • Building an Engaging Website: User Experience (UX) and User Interface (UI) Design
  • Optimizing Website Content for Search Engines
  • Creating Compelling Landing Pages that Convert Visitors into Customers
  • Leveraging the Power of Content Marketing: Blogging, Infographics, Videos, and Podcasts
  1. Harnessing the Power of Search Engine Optimization (SEO):
  • Keyword Research and Analysis
  • On-Page Optimization Techniques: Meta Tags, URL Structure, Heading Tags
  • Off-Page Optimization Strategies: Link Building, Social Bookmarking, Guest Blogging
  • Mobile Optimization: Responsive Design and AMP (Accelerated Mobile Pages)
  1. Unleashing the Potential of Search Engine Marketing (SEM) and Pay-Per-Click (PPC) Advertising:
  • Google Ads: Creating and Managing Effective Ad Campaigns
  • Understanding Ad Rank and Quality Score
  • Remarketing and Display Advertising
  • Bing Ads and Other Search Engine Advertising Platforms
  1. Expanding Your Reach with Social Media Marketing:
  • Developing a Social Media Marketing Strategy
  • Building and Engaging a Targeted Audience on Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, LinkedIn, and YouTube
  • Influencer Marketing: Leveraging Key Opinion Leaders for Brand Promotion
  • Social Media Advertising: Campaign Setup, Targeting, and Optimization
  1. Nurturing Customer Relationships through Email Marketing:
  • Building a Quality Email List
  • Crafting Compelling Email Campaigns: Subject Lines, Personalization, and Call-to-Action
  • Marketing Automation and Drip Campaigns
  • Measuring Email Marketing Performance and Analytics
  1. Analyzing and Optimizing Campaign Performance:
  • Understanding Key Performance Indicators (KPIs)
  • Web Analytics: Tracking and Analyzing Website Traffic
  • Conversion Rate Optimization (CRO)
  • A/B Testing and Multivariate Testing
  1. Embracing Emerging Trends in Digital Marketing:
  • Voice Search Optimization
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Chatbots
  • Video Marketing and Live Streaming
  • Augmented Reality (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR)

Conclusion: As the digital landscape continues to evolve at a rapid pace, it is crucial for businesses to adapt and excel in the realm of digital marketing. By implementing the strategies and techniques outlined in this blog, you will be equipped with the knowledge and tools necessary to navigate the digital marketing landscape successfully. Embrace the power of digital marketing, connect with your target audience, and propel your business to new heights of success in the digital age.

Hunar India – Best Platform For All in One Career & Skill Development Platform In India

Hunar India is a Initiative aimed at providing vocational training and skill development to Indian youth. The program is implemented by the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) and offers courses in various sectors such as agriculture, beauty and wellness, construction, hospitality, tourism, retail, and many more.

Objectives: The primary objective of Hunar India is to provide vocational training to Indian youth and enhance their employability. Other objectives of the program include:

  1. To bridge the gap between demand and supply of skilled manpower in various sectors of the Indian economy.
  2. To create an ecosystem for the development of skills and entrepreneurship.
  3. To create a workforce that is globally competitive and can contribute to the growth of the Indian economy.

Characteristics: Here are some characteristics of Hunar India program:

  1. The program offers training courses that are aligned with the National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF).
  2. The training is delivered through a network of training partners and centers across India.
  3. The program offers a wide range of courses in various sectors, catering to the diverse needs of the Indian youth.
  4. The program aims to provide training that is industry-relevant, so that trainees are job-ready after completing the course.
  5. The program offers certification upon completion of the training, which is recognized by industry and employers.

Advantages: Here are some advantages of Hunar India program:

  1. The program provides vocational training to youth, enhancing their employability and providing them with opportunities for career growth.
  2. The program offers a wide range of courses, providing options for individuals to choose courses based on their interests and skill sets.
  3. The program provides training that is industry-relevant, which makes trainees job-ready after completing the course.
  4. The program offers certification upon completion of the training, which is recognized by industry and employers, enhancing the employability of the trainees.
  5. The program helps bridge the gap between demand and supply of skilled manpower in various sectors of the Indian economy, contributing to the growth of the Indian economy.

In summary, Hunar India is an important initiative aimed at providing vocational training and skill development to Indian youth, enhancing their employability and contributing to the growth of the Indian economy.

HUNAR INDIA

HUNAR INDIA : Bridging the Skill Gap in India

India is a country that is renowned for its diverse culture, tradition, and heritage. However, despite the country’s rich cultural background, a significant portion of its population still lacks adequate education and access to job opportunities. This has resulted in a skill gap that has prevented many Indians from realizing their full potential.

To address this problem, the Indian government has launched the Hunar India App. The app is an initiative under the Skill India Mission, which aims to provide skill training to millions of Indians, making them job-ready and self-reliant. The Hunar India App is an innovative platform that offers a wide range of vocational courses and training programs to empower individuals with skills that are in demand in the job market.

The app is available on both Android and iOS platforms and can be downloaded for free. It is user-friendly and designed to provide a seamless learning experience to individuals from all walks of life. The courses offered on the app are tailored to suit the needs of various age groups, including school and college students, working professionals, and homemakers.

The Hunar India App offers courses in diverse fields, such as fashion design, beauty and wellness, construction, hospitality, electronics, agriculture, and many others. The courses are designed by experts in the respective fields, and the content is regularly updated to keep up with the changing trends and technologies.

One of the unique features of the app is its ability to offer courses in regional languages, making it accessible to individuals who may not be proficient in English. The app also provides various vocational courses for people with disabilities, ensuring that everyone has equal access to opportunities.

Apart from the courses, the app also provides several other features, such as career guidance, job alerts, and e-learning resources. The career guidance feature helps individuals identify their strengths and interests, providing them with insights into the job market and the various career options available. The job alerts feature notifies individuals of job openings in their respective fields, increasing their chances of landing a job.

Overall, the Hunar India App is a significant step towards bridging the skill gap in India. It provides individuals with the necessary skills and knowledge to become job-ready and self-reliant, thereby contributing to the growth and development of the country’s economy. The app has already been successful in training thousands of individuals across the country, and with its continued efforts, it is sure to create a skilled and empowered workforce that will lead India towards a bright future.

Get More Details On Our Mobile Application

Click Link To Download Our App -https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.alx.hunarindia

“Agriculture ( Meaning & Importance)”

What is Agriculture ( Farming) ..?

A green row of fresh crops grow on an agricultural farm field

As We all know that Agriculture is a vital component of human civilization, providing us with the food, fiber, and fuel necessary for our survival. In recent years, the agriculture industry has undergone significant changes, with advancements in technology, sustainability, and efficiency.

In this blog of Kisanjeevan, we will discuss the latest trends and innovations in agriculture, along with the most searched keywords in this field. Let’s dive in!

  1. Precision Agriculture:

Precision agriculture is a farming technique that uses technology to optimize crop yields and reduce waste. It involves the use of drones, sensors, and other devices to collect data about soil conditions, weather patterns, and crop health. This data is then analyzed to provide farmers with insights on how to better manage their fields, including where to plant seeds, when to water crops, and how much fertilizer to apply.

  1. Sustainable Agriculture:

Sustainable agriculture is a farming method that seeks to minimize the environmental impact of farming while maintaining productivity and profitability. This involves using natural resources efficiently, reducing waste, and minimizing the use of harmful chemicals. Sustainable agriculture also prioritizes animal welfare, soil health, and biodiversity.

  1. Vertical Farming:

Vertical farming is a farming technique that involves growing crops in vertically stacked layers, often in a controlled environment. This method allows farmers to grow more food in less space, using less water and fewer pesticides than traditional farming methods. Vertical farming is particularly useful in urban areas where space is limited, and access to fresh produce is limited.

  1. Organic Farming:

Organic farming is a farming method that uses natural inputs and avoids synthetic chemicals and genetically modified organisms (GMOs). Organic farming emphasizes the use of sustainable practices, such as crop rotation, cover cropping, and composting, to maintain soil health and productivity. Organic farming is also beneficial for the environment, reducing the amount of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers that can harm wildlife and water systems.

  1. Aquaponics:

Aquaponics is a farming method that combines aquaculture (fish farming) with hydroponics (soilless plant farming) in a closed-loop system. In this system, fish waste provides nutrients for plants, and the plants filter the water, creating a symbiotic relationship between the two. Aquaponics is an efficient and sustainable way to produce both fish and vegetables, using a fraction of the water and land required by traditional farming methods.

Conclusion:

Agriculture is a constantly evolving industry, with new technologies and practices emerging every day. By embracing innovation and sustainability, farmers can improve their productivity and profitability while minimizing their impact on the environment. Whether through precision agriculture, sustainable farming, vertical farming, organic farming, or aquaponics, there are many ways to cultivate a brighter future for agriculture.

Kala Namak Kiran Paddy (Farming)

उत्तरी पूर्वी उत्तर प्रदेश की सर्वाधिक चर्चित एवं विख्यात धान की स्थानीय किसानों की किस्म कालानमक विगत तीन हजार वर्षा से खेती में प्रचलित रही है. सुधरी प्रजातियों अनुपलब्धता के कारण मूलतः स्वाद और सुगन्ध में किसानों की यह धान की किस्म विलुप्त होने के कगार पर थी. इसकी खेती का क्षेत्रफल 50 हजार से घटकर 2 हजार पर आ गया था और पूरा अन्देशा था कि धान की यह दुर्लभ किस्म हमेशा के लिए विलुप्त हो जायेगी. किसानों और उपभोक्ता को कालानमक धान की पहली प्रजाति केएन3 2010 में मिली जिसमें स्वाद और सुगन्ध दोनो ही पाये गये. इसके पश्चात् पहली बौनी प्रजाति बौना कालानमक 101 भारत सरकार द्वारा 2016 में और बौना कालानमक 2017 में अधिसूचना किया गया. दोनों प्रजातियों में उपज 40 से 45 कुन्टल थी फिर भी दाने के गुण में कमी के कारण किसान और उपभोक्ता दोनो पूर्ण रूप से सन्तुष्ट नही थे. इन्ही कमियों को दूर करके 2019 में पीआरडीएफ संस्था ने कालानमक किरण नामक प्रजाति भारत सरकार से विमोचित कराई. प्रस्तुत लेख में कालामक किरण के विषय में विस्तृत जानकारी दी गई है.

Order Now -https://kisanjeevan.com/product/kala-namak-kiran-paddy-seeds/

कालानमक किरण का उद्भव एवं विकास

कालानमक केएन3 और स्वर्णा सब1 के संकरण से एक प्रजनक लाइन पीआरडीएफ-2&14&10&1&1 विकसित की गई. लगातार 3 वर्षो तक 2013 से 2016 तक इसका परीक्षण कृषि विभाग के सम्भागीय कृषि परीक्षण एवं प्रदर्शन केन्द्रों पर कराया गया. यह पाया गया कि इस प्रजनक लाइन की उपज केएन3 की तुलना में 25 से 30 प्रतिशत अधिक रही है. उत्तर प्रदेश कृषि विभाग तथा अखिल भारतीय धान उन्नयन योजना के अन्तर्गत अनेक केन्द्रों पर परीक्षित की गई.

आकारिक गुण एवं विशेषताए

लगभग 95 सेमी चाई तथा 35 सेमी लम्बी बालियों वाली यह प्रजाति प्रकाश अवध की संवेदी है. अर्थात् इसकी बाली 20 अक्टूबर के आस-पास ही निकलती है. भारत सरकार के केन्द्रिय प्रजाति विमोचन की 82 मीटिंग में इसको अगस्त 2019 में अधिसूचनांकित की गई थी. इसके 1000 दाने का वनज 15 ग्राम तथा दाना मध्यम पतला होता है.  छोटे दाने वाली धान की यह प्रजाति अत्यधिक सुगन्धित तथा अत्यधिक साबुत चावल देती है.  इसकी कुछ खास बाते है जो अन्य प्रजातियों मे इसको सर्वौत्तम बनाती है वो है इसका लोहा और जस्ता की मात्रा, प्रोटीन का प्रतिशत (10.4) और निम्न ग्लाईसिमीक इंडेक्स (53.1). ग्लाईसिमीक इंडेक्स कम होने के कारण इसको मधुमेह रोगी भी इसको खा सकते है. इसमें एमाइलोज कम (20 प्रतिशत) होता है अतः पकाने पर इसका भात हमेशा मुलायम और स्वादिष्ट रहता है.

खेती की विधि

कालानमक किरण एक प्रकाश अवध संवेदी प्रजाति है. इसमें बालिया 20 अक्टूबर के आस-पास निकलती है तथा 25 नवम्बर के आस -पास यह कटाई के लिए तैयार होती है. अतः इसकी बुवाई का उचित समय जून का अन्तिम पखवारा (15 से 30 जून) के बीच ही है. एक हैक्टेयर में खेती के लिए 30 किलोग्राम बीज की आवश्यकता होती है. जुलाई पहले सप्ताह के बाद बुवाई करने से इसकी पैदावार कम हो जाती है, लेकिन 15 जून से पहले बुवाई करने पर इसकी पैदावार में कोई बढ़ोत्तरी नही होती. 

रोपाई की विधि

जब पौध 20 से 30 दिन की हो जाये तो इसे उखाड़ कर 20 सेमी कतार से कतार और 15 सेमी पौधे से पौधे की दूरी पर रोपाई कर दी जाये. एक स्थान पर 2 से 3 पौध ही लगावे.

खाद की मात्रा

कालानमक की बौनी प्रजातियों में 120 ग्राम नत्रजन, 60 किलोग्राम फास्फोरस और 60 किलोग्राम पोटास की आवश्यक्ता होती है. फासफोरस एवं पोटास की पूरी मात्रा तथा नत्रजन की आधी मात्रा रोपाई से पहले मिलाकर खेत में ड़ाल दी जाती है.  रोपाई के एक महीने बाद खर पतवार नियन्त्रण के बाद बची हुई 60 किलोग्राम नत्रजन की मात्रा ऊपर से छिड़काव करके ड़ाल दी जा सकती है.

फसल प्रबन्धन

यदि जस्तें की कमी के लक्षण दिखाई पड़े तो 5 किलोग्राम जिंक सल्फेट और 2.5 किलोग्राम चूने को 500 लीटर पानी में घोलकर फसल पर छिड़क दे. खरपतवार नियन्त्रण के लिए रोपाई के एक माह के अन्दर खुरपी से उगे हुए  खरपतवारों को निकाल दे इसके पश्चात् यदि 2 -3 सेमी पानी भरा रहे तो आगे निराई की आवश्यकता नही पड़ती.  रोपाई के समय खेत तैयार करते समय जो कुछ भी खरपतवार उगे रहते है वे स्वयं ही नष्ट हो जाते है. यदि रासायनिक खरपतवारनाशी का प्रयोग करना पड़े तो रोपाई के 15 से 20 दिन के बाद उसे ड़ाल सकते है.  

कालानमक किरण में प्रमुख कीटों और बीमारियों से रोधिता पायी जाती है. अतः उनके लिए किसी भी रासायनिक दवाओं का उपयोग नही करना पड़ता किन्तु गन्धी कीट सीथ ब्लाइट व पर्ण गलन रोग के लिए दवाओं का उपयोग करना पड़ता है. गन्धी कीट का उपचार बीएचसी का बूरकाव करके किया जा सकता है. पर्ण गलन रोग के उपचार के लिए 0.2 प्रतिशत हैक्साकोनाजोल अथवा 1 लीटर प्रोपीकोनाजोल 25 ईसी का छिड़काव करके किया जा सकता है. सुगन्धित होने के करण इसमें तनाछेदक कीट का भी प्रकोप होता है कार्टाप हाइड्रेक्लोराइड 18 किलोग्राम प्रति हैक्टेयर खेत में  5 से 6 दिन तक 3 से 4 सेमी पानी बनाये रखे.    

रासायनिक खरपतवारनाशी जैसे: ब्यूटाक्लोर 2.5 लीटर प्रति हैक्टेयर, अनिलोफास 1.5 लीटर प्रति हैक्टेयर अथवा नोमिनी गोल्ड 250 एमएल प्रति हैक्टेयर अच्छे खरपतवारनाशी है. इनका उपयोग इन पर लिखे हुए अनुशंसा के अनुरूप कर सकते है.

कालानमक किरण की जैविक खेती

यदि कालानमक किरण का उत्पादन जैविक विधि से करना है तो पहले से तैयार जैविक खेत का ही प्रयोग करें.  बीजोपचार के लिए ट्राइकोडर्मा से बीज शोधित कर ले.  रोपाई करते समय या रोपाई करने से पहले सूडोमोनास के दो प्रतिशत घोल में पौध की जड़े डुबाने के पश्चात् रोपाई करें. 5 टन प्रति हैटेयर गोबर की सड़ी खाद या मुर्गी की खाद डाले. सर्वोत्तम है कि रोपाई के 40 दिन पहले 40 किलोंग्राम ढ़ैचा (सिसबानिया)/हैक्टेयर का बीज मुख्य खेत में बोये. जब पौधे 35 से 40 दिन के हो जाये तो उसको खेत में पलटकर पानी भरकर सड़ा दे. इस हरी खाद के पलटने के एक सप्ताह के अन्दर रोपाई कर सकते है. इसके अतिरिक्त कई और उपादान (पीएसबी, हर्बोजाइम, बीजीए, प्रोम, वर्मीकम्पोस्ट इत्यादि) उपलब्ध है जिनका उपयोग करके पोषक तत्वों की उपलब्धता की जा सकती है.  कीड़े तथा बिमारियों की नियन्त्रण (अमृतपानी, नीमोलीन, नीम आधारित अनेक उत्पाद, जीवामृत आदि) के लिए बाजार में उपलब्ध है.   

फसल की कटाई व मड़़ाई

चूंकि कालानमक की भूसी का रंग काला होता है अतः इसकी कटाई का समय निधार्रित करना थोड़ा कठिन होता है. सामान्यतया 50 प्रतिशत बाली निकलने के 30 दिन बाद धान की फसल कटाई के लिए तैयार होती है किन्तु कालानमक किरण को 40 से 45 दिन लगते है.  फसल कटाई के बाद, यदि कम्बाइन हार्वेस्टर का उपयोग नही किया जा रहा है तो 3 दिन के अन्दर ही पिटाई करके दाने पौधों से अलग कर लिए जाये और उसको 3 से 4 दिन धूप में अच्छी तरह सुखाकर भण्डारण कर ले.

पैदावार

कालानमक की औसत पैदावार 45 से 50 कुन्तल होती है. जैविक खेती जिसमें की हरी खाद के साथ-साथ ट्राईकोडर्मा तथा सोडोमान का प्रयोग किया गया हो कि पैदावार 50 से 55 कुन्तल तक हो सकती है. वर्तमान में इस समूह की प्रचलित प्रजातियों से यह ऊपज 27 प्रतिशत से अधिक है.

भण्डारण एवं कुटाई

धान सुखाने (14% नमी) के बाद प्लास्टिक की बोरियों अथवा टिन की बनी बुखारी में इसका भण्डारण चावल के रूप में न करके धान के रूप में करे जिससे इसकी सुगन्ध एवं पाक गुण ठीक रहते है. कुटाई के लिए अच्छी मशीनों का उपयोग करने से चावल कम टूटता है.

कालानमक किरण के दाने व पाक गुण:

कालानमक किरण अतिसुगन्धित अधिक प्रोटीन 10.4%, कम ग्लाइसिमिक इंडेक्स सर्करा विहीन और 20% एमाईलोज (चावल पकाने के बाद ठण्डा होने पर भी मुलायम) होता है. 53.1% ग्लाइसिमिक इंडेक्स के कारण मधुमेह के रोगी इसको बेझिझक खा सकते है.

तिगुनी आमदनी

कालानमक किरण के धान का औसत विक्रय मूल्य 3500 से 4000 रूपया प्रति कुन्तल होता है जोकि सामान्य धान से 3 से 4 गुना है. इससे शुद्ध लाभ रूपया 101250 प्रति हैक्टेयर पाया गया है. इसकी जैविक खेती से उत्पादन में शुद्ध लाभ 127500 होता है जोकि सामान्य धान से 3 गुना से भी अधिक है. 

बीज की उपलब्धता

कालानमक किरण का बीज पीआरडीएफ संस्था के मुख्यालय के उपरोक्त पते तथा पीआरडीएफ बीज के विधायन संयन्त्र डी-41, इंडस्ट्रीयल एरिया, खलीलाबाद, जिला संत कबीर नगर मो0 नम्बर 9415173984 से प्राप्त किया जा सकता है.

लेखक :
 डॉ. राम चेत चौधरी, अंजली साहनी, शिव बदन मिश्र एवं रविन्द्र कुमार
पीआरडीएफ, 59 कैनाल रोड़, शिवपुर सहबाजगंज, गोरखपुर, 273014

खरीदने के लिए संपर्क करें – https://kisanjeevan.com/product/kala-namak-kiran-paddy-seeds/
mobile – 6386288356

Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY)

Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana

Agriculture is the backbone of India’s economy, and the livelihood of millions of farmers depends on it. However, farmers face several challenges in the form of unpredictable weather conditions, pests, and diseases that can cause crop losses and financial distress. To address these issues, the Government of India launched the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) in 2016.

PMFBY is a crop insurance scheme that provides financial assistance to farmers in case of crop losses due to natural calamities such as drought, flood, cyclone, hailstorm, and pest/disease infestation. The scheme aims to provide comprehensive insurance coverage to farmers and protect them from income fluctuations caused by crop failures.

Under PMFBY, farmers pay a nominal premium amount, and the rest of the insurance premium is paid by the government. The scheme covers all food crops, oilseeds, and horticultural crops. It also covers localized risks such as inundation, landslides, and post-harvest losses.

The insurance coverage under PMFBY is based on the yield estimation of the insured crop, which is done by conducting crop cutting experiments (CCEs). The government-appointed agencies conduct CCEs to determine the crop yield and the extent of crop losses. In case of crop loss, the claim amount is calculated based on the difference between the actual yield and the estimated yield.

PMFBY has several benefits for farmers. It provides a safety net to farmers against crop losses, and the premium rates are affordable for small and marginal farmers. The scheme also encourages farmers to adopt modern agricultural practices and risk management strategies to minimize crop losses.

In addition to PMFBY, the government has launched several other initiatives such as e-NAM (National Agriculture Market) and Soil Health Card Scheme to support farmers and improve the overall agricultural productivity of the country.

However, there are some challenges in the implementation of PMFBY. The scheme faces issues such as delay in payment of claims, inadequate CCEs, and low awareness among farmers about the scheme. The government needs to address these challenges and ensure that the benefits of the scheme reach the intended beneficiaries.

In conclusion, PMFBY is a commendable initiative by the government to support farmers and protect them from income fluctuations caused by crop losses. The scheme has the potential to transform the agricultural sector and improve the livelihoods of farmers in the country. However, there is a need for continuous monitoring and improvement in the implementation of the scheme to ensure its success.

Agriculture Farming

Agriculture is the practice of cultivating crops, raising animals, and producing food, fuel, and fiber. It is a critical part of human civilization and has been practiced for thousands of years. Agriculture involves many activities, including planting, watering, fertilizing, harvesting, and processing crops, as well as breeding, feeding, and caring for animals.


Types of Agriculture Farming

There are several types of agriculture farming, each with its own benefits and drawbacks:

  1. Traditional Farming: This type of farming relies on manual labor and traditional techniques passed down from generation to generation. It is often practiced on small family farms and is known for its low environmental impact.
  2. Organic Farming: Organic farming involves the use of natural methods to grow crops and raise animals without the use of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers. It is gaining popularity due to its focus on sustainability and environmental responsibility.
  3. Modern Industrial Farming: This type of farming uses advanced technology and machinery to increase efficiency and productivity. It is often associated with large commercial operations and can have significant environmental and social impacts.

Benefits of Agriculture Farming

Agriculture farming has many benefits, including:

  1. Food Security: Agriculture farming is essential to ensuring that people have access to adequate and nutritious food. It is the primary source of food for the world’s population and plays a critical role in reducing hunger and malnutrition.
  2. Economic Growth: Agriculture farming provides employment opportunities for millions of people around the world and contributes to the global economy. It is a vital industry that drives economic growth and development in many countries.
  3. Environmental Sustainability: Agriculture farming can be done in a way that is sustainable and environmentally responsible. Traditional and organic farming methods prioritize conservation and protection of natural resources, while modern industrial farming is increasingly adopting sustainable practices.

Challenges of Agriculture Farming

While agriculture farming has many benefits, it also faces several challenges, including:

  1. Climate Change: Agriculture farming is highly vulnerable to the effects of climate change, including droughts, floods, and extreme weather events. Climate change can also lead to crop failures and food shortages.
  2. Land Degradation: Overuse and misuse of agricultural land can lead to soil degradation, erosion, and loss of biodiversity. This can negatively impact the productivity and sustainability of farming operations.
  3. Water Scarcity: Agriculture farming requires a significant amount of water, and water scarcity is becoming an increasingly significant issue in many parts of the world. This can lead to decreased crop yields and food shortages.

Conclusion

Agriculture farming is a vital industry that plays a crucial role in feeding the world’s population and supporting economic growth and development. While it faces several challenges, such as climate change and land degradation, there are many opportunities to make agriculture farming more sustainable and environmentally responsible. By adopting sustainable practices and investing in research and development, agriculture farming can continue to meet the world’s food and economic needs for generations to come.

Black Turmeric (काली हल्दी)

Black Turmeric -काली हल्दी

Black turmeric, also known as Kali Haldi or Black zedoary, is a lesser-known variety of turmeric that has gained popularity for its unique taste and medicinal properties. While the more common yellow turmeric is widely used in Indian cuisine and traditional medicine, black turmeric has been traditionally used in Ayurvedic medicine and is believed to have even more powerful healing properties. In this blog, we will explore the benefits of black turmeric, how it differs from yellow turmeric, and how it can be used in cooking and for health purposes.

What is Black Turmeric?

Black turmeric is a member of the ginger family and is native to Southeast Asia. It is called black turmeric due to its dark color, which ranges from dark purple to black. The plant has large, green leaves and produces flowers that are yellow with a reddish tinge. The roots are the part of the plant that is used for medicinal and culinary purposes.

What are the benefits of Black Turmeric?

Black turmeric is known for its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, making it a powerful healing agent. It is believed to have antibacterial and antifungal properties as well. Some of the health benefits of black turmeric include:

Anti-inflammatory Properties: Black turmeric has been used traditionally in Ayurvedic medicine to treat inflammation and pain. It is believed to be particularly effective in treating arthritis and other inflammatory conditions.

Digestive Health: Black turmeric is believed to promote healthy digestion and alleviate digestive issues such as bloating, gas, and constipation.

Respiratory Health: Black turmeric is believed to help alleviate respiratory issues such as coughs, colds, and asthma.

Skin Health: Black turmeric is believed to promote healthy skin and may be effective in treating skin conditions such as eczema and psoriasis.

Cancer Prevention: Black turmeric contains curcumin, which is believed to have anti-cancer properties. Some studies have shown that curcumin may help prevent the growth of cancer cells.

How is Black Turmeric Different from Yellow Turmeric?

Black turmeric differs from yellow turmeric in several ways. Firstly, black turmeric has a stronger flavor and a more pungent aroma than yellow turmeric. Secondly, black turmeric has a higher concentration of curcumin than yellow turmeric, which is why it is believed to have even more powerful healing properties. Finally, black turmeric has a different appearance than yellow turmeric. While yellow turmeric is bright orange-yellow, black turmeric is dark purple to black.

How to Use Black Turmeric?

Black turmeric can be used in cooking and for medicinal purposes. In cooking, it is often used in Southeast Asian cuisine to add flavor and color to dishes. It can be used fresh or dried, and can be added to curries, soups, and stews. It can also be used to make tea or added to smoothies.

For medicinal purposes, black turmeric can be consumed in the form of a supplement or added to warm milk or tea. It can also be applied topically to the skin to treat skin conditions.

In conclusion, black turmeric is a lesser-known variety of turmeric that has gained popularity for its unique taste and powerful healing properties. It is believed to be particularly effective in treating inflammation and pain, promoting digestive health, and promoting healthy skin. While it is not as widely used as yellow turmeric, it is a valuable addition to any kitchen or medicine cabinet.

Preparation for Black Turmeric Farming

Preparation of the land Black turmeric grows well in loam, bullai, and matiyar soils. Make the soil brittle and make good drainage arrangements before ploughing in the first week of June by ploughing 2-4 times. In the field, mix dung manure at a rate of 20 tonnes per hectare.

Get Black Turmeric Seeds On Kisanjeevan.com

Click here -https://kisanjeevan.com/product/black-turmeric-seeds/